# How-To: OpenCV Load an Image

A few months ago, I was teaching an online seminar on the basics of computer vision.

And do you know what the most common question I got asked was?

How do I use OpenCV to load an image and display it on my screen?

It’s a pretty basic concept, but I think many instructors (myself included) quickly jump over this question and immediately dive into more advanced techniques such as blurring, edge detection, and thresholding.

Displaying an image to your screen is a simple way to debug a computer vision program, so let’s take a couple minutes and answer the this question.

# How-To: OpenCV Load an Image

The objective of this post is to show you how to read an image off of disk using OpenCV, display it on your screen, and then wait for a key press to close the window and terminate the script.

While simply displaying an image on your screen isn’t practical by itself, it’s an important technique that you will use a lot when you’re developing (and more importantly, debugging) your own computer vision applications.

You see, displaying an image on your screen is much like a print statement when you’re debugging a tricky program.

When it comes to debugging, nothing beats a few well placed print statements to figure out where the problem is coming from.

The same is true in computer vision.

A few well placed calls to cv2.imshow will quickly help you resolve the problem.

So let’s go ahead and jump into some code:

Lines 1-2 handle importing the packages that we’ll need — argparse to parse command line arguments and cv2 for our OpenCV bindings.

Then, on Lines 4-6 we parse our command line arguments. We only need a single switch, --image, which is the path to where our image resides on disk.

Loading the image using OpenCV is taken care on Line 8 by making a call to the cv2.imread function. This function takes a single parameter — the path to where the image resides on disk, which is supplied as a command line argument.

Finally, we can display our image to our screen on Lines 10-11.

Displaying the image to our screen is handled by the cv2.imshow function. The first argument to cv2.imshow is a string containing the name of our window. This text will appear in the titlebar of the window. The second argument is the image that we loaded off of disk on Line 8.

After we have made a call to the cv2.imshow function, we then need to wait for a key press using the cv2.waitKey function on Line 11.

It’s very important that we make a call to this function, otherwise our window will close automatically!

See, the cv2.waitKey function pauses execution of our Python script and waits for a key press. If we removed Line 11, then the window containing our image would close automatically. By making a call to cv2.waitKey, we are able to pause the execution of our script, thus displaying our image on our screen, until we press any key on our keyboard.

The only argument cv2.waitKey takes is an integer, which is a delay in milliseconds. If this value is positive, then after the specified number of milliseconds elapses the window will close automatically. If the number of milliseconds is zero, then the function will wait infinitely until a key is pressed.

The return value of cv2.waitKey is either the code of the pressed key, or -1, indicating that no key was pressed prior to the supplied amount of milliseconds elapsing.

We can execute our script by issuing the following command:

You should then see an image on your screen:

Figure 1: Loading an image using OpenCV and displaying it to our screen.

Clearly a wild Doge has appeared! And I’m all out of Pokeballs…

Pressing any key on your keyboard will un-pause the script and close the window.

# Summary

In this blog post I answered one of the most common questions I get asked: “How do I use OpenCV to load an image and display it on my screen?”

In order to load an image off of disk and display it using OpenCV, you first need to call the cv2.imread function, passing in the path to your image as the sole argument.

Then, a call to cv2.imshow will display your image on your screen.

But be sure to then use cv2.waitKey to wait for a key press, otherwise the window created by cv2.imshow will close automatically.

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If you’re interested in learning the basics of computer vision, but don’t know where to start, you should definitely check out my new eBook, Practical Python and OpenCV.

In this book I cover the basics of computer vision and image processing…and I can teach you in a single weekend!

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### 63 Responses to How-To: OpenCV Load an Image

1. Sebastian October 1, 2015 at 9:26 pm #

Hi Adrian, i’m trying to make the code work, but i can’t.

Can you give me an example of how to put the path directory for a Raspberry Pi 2 on this line:

 

thanks

• Adrian Rosebrock October 2, 2015 at 7:08 am #

Please see the example at the bottom of this post:

$python load_image.py --image doge.jpg The path to the image is passed via command line at execution, you do not need to modify the original code. • Sadecutz December 11, 2015 at 6:30 am # Hello sir. Can you please give me an example of a path u used in –image in this line of code: ap.add_argument(“-i”, “–image”, required = True, help = “Path to the image”) • Adrian Rosebrock December 11, 2015 at 6:37 am # You do not need to modify the argument parsing code. It just indicates that the args["image"] variable will be supplied via command line argument. You can see an example running the Python script via command line this post: $ python load_image.py --image doge.jpg

Notice how the --image switch points to the path to the doge.jpg image.

If you’re unfamiliar with command line arguments, I suggest giving this tutorial a read.

2. Mathys March 17, 2016 at 3:35 pm #

Hi there

For the life of me I cant get a image to load with argparse.
I have tried running it from the command line etc etc

Im using windows if that makes a difference.
I dont know where to put my path to the image?

Thanks

• Adrian Rosebrock March 18, 2016 at 9:13 am #

You specify the path to the image via command line argument. It’s been a long time since I’ve used Windows, but I believe it uses the “\” path separator instead of “/”, so your command should look something like:

$python load_image.py --image path\to\your\image.jpg • sarvin September 25, 2017 at 8:47 am # Hi Adrian, Im using Windows also. where do i write this command ? ‘ python load_image.py –image path\to\your\image.jpg’ ? • Adrian Rosebrock September 26, 2017 at 8:25 am # You would open up your command line, change directory to where your load_image.py script lives and execute the command. 3. Mickey May 18, 2016 at 11:09 am # Hi Adrian, Love you blog. Are there any minor changes I can make to this code that would allow me to upload multiple images? Thank you! • Adrian Rosebrock May 19, 2016 at 6:05 pm # What do you mean “upload” images? Do you mean load images from disk? Or upload to a server? • Mickey May 28, 2016 at 3:25 pm # Hi Adrian, I meant to ask if there was a way to upload an entire folder of images for processing, without having to write in each image. • mukesh May 23, 2017 at 1:08 am # hi did u get the answer ? plz responde…i m facing same problem • Adrian Rosebrock May 25, 2017 at 4:32 am # I’m still not sure I understand what the question is. 4. Dave May 30, 2016 at 7:23 am # Hi, imread keeps returning “none”, even when I hardcode the file location as the argument for cv2.imread • Adrian Rosebrock May 31, 2016 at 4:03 pm # If you’re getting a NoneType from cv2.imread, then one of two things are happening: (1) The path to cv2.imread is (still) incorrect or (2) OpenCV cannot read the type of image you’re supplying to it. • alex June 24, 2017 at 2:49 pm # I am having the same problem, Adrian! I download your code and try to running by CMD on Windows, and nothing happens. Can it be a bug on windows args? • Adrian Rosebrock June 27, 2017 at 6:37 am # Keep in mind that the Windows operating system uses the \ path separator while Unix uses the / path separator. You likely need to update the path to your input image using the \ separator. 5. Coach August 4, 2016 at 3:17 pm # Adrian, Love your blog. I just started you tutorails today, I seem to be opening an image just fine, but it appears I missed how to display images when I’m ssh’d into my Pi. I get the following error: (image:30709) Gtk-WARNING **: cannot open display: Please point me to instructions on how to open a display via ssh. Thanks! • Adrian Rosebrock August 7, 2016 at 8:23 am # If you’re using SSH to access your Pi, make sure you enable X11 forwarding so that the frames can be displayed: $ ssh -X pi@your_ip_address

• Francisco November 11, 2018 at 7:07 am #

Thank you so much for your effort and help!
I’m stuck with load_display_save.py, and it looks like work, but I see nothing on the screen. When I execute the program, the raspi gets nothing, just an empty line in the command prompt screen (like thinking), then returns to the normal prompt.

I tried the \$ ssh -X pi@your_ip_address
But then it gets again freezes, until I press Ctrl+C.

I made other tests in OpenCV, and I can see the picture or video the camera captured via SSH or VNC.

It happens both via direct SSH with PuTTy, and with VNC.
Do you know what can be happening?

Thanks!

• Adrian Rosebrock November 13, 2018 at 4:55 pm #

That is certainly odd, Francisco! Unfortunately without having direct access to your Pi I’m not sure why that may be happening. I’m sorry I couldn’t be of more help here.

6. Melissa August 24, 2017 at 3:44 pm #

thanks for the tutorial 🙂 I am trying it and I get an error saying that the imshow function isn’t implemented. I’ve done a few tutorials trying to get this to work, with no success. Any recomendations? Thanks

• Adrian Rosebrock August 24, 2017 at 4:40 pm #

Hi Melissa — how did you install OpenCV? Via one of the tutorials here on PyImageSearch? Or elsewhere? Normally you receive this error when OpenCV was compiled without “highgui” support which is the module responsible for GUI operations and displaying images to your screen.

7. Yuv September 29, 2017 at 10:13 am #

Hello Adrian, I like your tutorials, I’m using them for a project.
When i run the code, I get the error:

usage: TestOpenImage.py [-h] -i IMAGE
TestOpenImage.py: error: the following arguments are required: -i/–image
>>>

could you help me out please? I’m new to Python programming. Thanks alot!

• Adrian Rosebrock October 2, 2017 at 10:16 am #

8. Yiyou October 25, 2017 at 4:42 pm #

Hi Adrian, I’ve been a loyal reader of your blog posts and books since the day I found your blog! I have a problem of loading .png image with transparency channel – I could do it with PIL sometimes using .convert(“RGBA”), but sometimes even PIL fails. Do you have any idea how can I cope with that? Thanks!!

• Adrian Rosebrock October 26, 2017 at 11:44 am #

Hi Yiyou — for PNG’s with transparent channels, please check out the information at the bottom of this blog post.

9. Karel Jansseune November 15, 2017 at 3:24 am #

I do run into some problems with the above example. When I run this code, the console runs fine, the arguments get loaded, but then it all ends. No image is shown.

I guess I’m missing a very basic point here, but so far i couldn’t fine a way to solve it. (As a matter of fact, this post is the first one to explain how to load arguments into a script 🙂 )

• Adrian Rosebrock November 15, 2017 at 12:52 pm #

Hey Karel — I would check the output of cv2.imread. Is it “None”? If so, then an invalid image path was supplied to the script. If you’re new to command line arguments, read this tutorial first. Otherwise, it would be helpful to know the system you are executing the script on, OpenCV version, and how you installed OpenCV.

Finally, I would recommend reading through Practical Python and OpenCV. My book is has helped thousands of developers new to OpenCV and Python jumpstart their education. Be sure to take a look!

10. Aziz January 3, 2018 at 1:00 am #

I tried the code but got the error, i’m using python 3.6

Traceback (most recent call last):
NameError: name ‘args’ is not defined

thank you

11. Aziz January 3, 2018 at 1:05 am #

Thank you so much Adrian, I found the error it was my spelling mistake of args

😉

• Adrian Rosebrock January 3, 2018 at 12:54 pm #

Congrats on resolving the error, Aziz!

12. Tahir January 26, 2018 at 1:51 pm #

Thank you for amazing blogs. I have tried your code and it is working fine, but now I need to use multiple images in the program and I can’t seem to find way to .add_argument multiple images. Do you think you can help me?

• Adrian Rosebrock January 30, 2018 at 10:43 am #

I would instead suggest putting all your images in an input directory, then passing the path to the input directory to your script. Your script can then loop over all images in the directory and access them one-by-one. This tutorial provides an example of this as does Practical Python and OpenCV.

13. ali February 4, 2018 at 11:36 pm #

i write code in the Idle , how to run this?

• Adrian Rosebrock February 6, 2018 at 10:23 am #

You can use IDLE if you want, but you’ll need to copy and paste line-by-line. I would instead recommend you use the command line to execute the script.

14. İlyas Kaan Kalkan February 8, 2018 at 10:52 am #

usage: 1.py [-h] -i IMAGE
1.py: error: the following arguments are required: -i/–image

• Adrian Rosebrock February 12, 2018 at 6:46 pm #

1. Make sure you use the “Downloads” section of this blog post to download the code + images before you try to execute them.

2. Your error is due to not specifying the --image command line argument when executing the script. Make sure you read up on command line arguments before continuing.

15. Ridho February 21, 2018 at 9:32 am #

i have error in: arguments -i/–image is required

• Adrian Rosebrock February 22, 2018 at 9:00 am #

Please see my reply to “Sebastian” on October 1, 2015 (the very first comment on this post).

16. andrey April 30, 2018 at 4:27 am #

hi, i load images in directory, how i print the filename ?

• Adrian Rosebrock April 30, 2018 at 12:24 pm #

Hi Andrey, to list the images in a directory you should try using imutils.paths and use the function, list_images. See the implementation here. From there you could print the list of filenames in your terminal.

17. John May 8, 2018 at 11:21 am #

I am getting an invalid syntax error,

I am using spyder editor through anaconda.

Any help will be greatly appreciated.

• John May 8, 2018 at 11:23 am #

the syntax error is at the e of doge

• Adrian Rosebrock May 9, 2018 at 9:36 am #

Hey John — can you try to execute the code via your command line argument instead of Spyder and see if you still have the same issue?

18. vibha June 11, 2018 at 3:02 am #

I hope you are doing well.,i have encountered with an error while working on detect-faces.py
Error is
usage: __main__.py [-h] -i IMAGE -p PROTOTXT -m MODEL [-c CONFIDENCE]
__main__.py: error: the following arguments are required: -i/–image, -p/–prototxt, -m/–model.

• Adrian Rosebrock June 13, 2018 at 5:54 am #

• Aleem September 27, 2018 at 6:32 am #

Hi, how could I run this in the pycharm itself. How to give the path here,
ap.add_argument(“-i”, ‘diagram.png’, required=True, help=”path to the input image”)

19. FJ December 12, 2018 at 4:10 am #

Hello. I just want to know how to load the latest image in a folder using python and opencv

• Adrian Rosebrock December 13, 2018 at 9:06 am #

I would suggest sorting your image paths via timestamp, grabbing the latest image path, and then loading it.

20. aa March 14, 2019 at 2:31 am #

how i pass video name as an argument

• Adrian Rosebrock March 19, 2019 at 10:28 am #

Refer to this tutorial on how to use command line arguments.

21. aln March 30, 2019 at 2:11 am #

thanks a lot for your blog, i use PyCharm IDE ,so when first see your code, i even did not know what it’s mean, after see these issue, i can show the image after load model, but i still have a problem ,how to use camera frame when i want to get the real-time result ，thank you ！

22. Jacob April 19, 2019 at 3:51 pm #

I’m getting the following error on my Jetson nano:
error: (-215) size.width>0 && size.height>0 in function imshow

Do you know what might be wrong?
Thanks!

• Adrian Rosebrock April 25, 2019 at 9:25 am #

Yes. Your path to the input image is incorrect and OpenCV is returning “None”. Double-check your input paths. Additionally, read this tutorial on NoneType errors and how to resolve them.

23. Luzuko May 5, 2019 at 6:24 am #

So i went through your other blogs. i get that the image maybe in the wrong path. my question: is this t-rex image a default image in our laptops? by that i mean, i dont remember loading a file with that image. if it is a default, what other path it maybe under?….these questions sound stupid, but am a novice in this space.

• Adrian Rosebrock May 8, 2019 at 1:17 pm #

No, it’s not a default image. It’s included in the “.zip” download which can be found in the “Downloads” section of this post.

• Luzuko May 9, 2019 at 3:59 am #

• Luzuko May 9, 2019 at 4:09 am #

works…thanks…

• Adrian Rosebrock May 15, 2019 at 3:21 pm #

24. RajaRam May 27, 2019 at 7:56 am #

Hello, Adrian your each and every post is very useful for students like me,Great work.
I have a small ques, can we get two images of same object into one plane??
For example,
If a sticker is attached at the edge of a wall or any edge.we cannot take the image of the sticker at once because some part sticker may be in another plane.Now my problem is to get the 2 images into same plane so that it looks like our normal images captured .

• Adrian Rosebrock May 30, 2019 at 9:21 am #

Do you have an example image of what you are trying to achieve? That would better help me provide a suggestion to you.

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